Food and Nutrition Security | Science Day | 9th Annual GASL MSP Meeting
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[VIDEO]>>GOOD MORNING.
LADIES AND GENTLEMEN. GOOD MORNING.
IT’S MY PLEASURE ON BEHALF OF THE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS, THIS MEETING FOR THE
GLOBAL AGENDA FOR SUSTAINABLE LIVESTOCK.
PLEASE ALLOW ME TO CONVEY MY THANKS TO THE GOVERNMENT OF U.S.
AND PARTICULARLY TO THE KANSAS STATE UNIVERSITY FOR HOSTING US
AND FOR THE WELCOME. GLOBAL AGENDA FOR SUSTAINABLE
LIVESTOCK OF COMMITTEE IN 2010,
AND WE’RE PROUD TO HOST AND CONTRIBUTE.
FAO PROMOTES CULTURE WITHIN THE BROADER FRAMEWORK OF THE AGENDA
FOR SUSTAINABLE LIVESTOCK.
ALSO FAO, PARTNERSHIP FOR ALL FOR GLOBAL GOODS WHICH IS TO
SUSTAINABILITY AND THE PROGRESS. THE 2030 AGENDA REQUIRES PUBLISH
EXCLUSIVE, EFFICIENT AND RESPONSIBLE CULTURE FOR THAT,
LIVESTOCK PLAYS A VITAL ROLE IN ACHIEVING THE SUSTAINABILITY.
IT IS ESSENTIAL TO THE ADMINISTRATION LIVELIHOOD AND
CIVILIANS OF MANY OF THE POOREST AND MOST VULNERABLE POPULATIONS.
GLOBAL AGENDA HAS ADOPTED AS A GUIDING FRAMEWORK IN ITS
2019-2021 ACTION PLAN.
FOOD AND NUTRITION SECURITY AND CURRENTLY MAKE UP 79% —
[INDISCERNIBLE] HOWEVER, — LOW AND MIDDLE
INCOME COUNTRIES ARE OFTEN UNDER NOURISHED.
MIDDLE AND INCOME COUNTRIES ARE MUCH MORE LIKELY TO CONSUME IN
EXCESS. TWO, LIVELIHOODS AND ECONOMIC GROWTHS.
THERE ARE INTRICATE LINKS BETWEEN POVERTY, LIVELIHOOD AND
ECONOMIC GROWTH. LOW AND MIDDLE INCOME COUNTRIES
LIVESTOCK IS ESSENTIAL TO ALL THE THREE.
LAST CURRENTLY ACCOUNT FOR LOW AND MIDDLE INCOME COUNTRIES.
MORE THAN ONE BILLION PEOPLE —
RECENT EXAMPLE OF CONTINUOUS
AFRICAN SWINE FEVER ACROSS DIFFERENT REGIONS.
THERE ARE ALSO HUMAN HEALTH CONCERNS.
THEREFORE, IT’S AN IMPORTANT CULTURE FOR ANIMAL PRODUCTIVITY
AND FOR ANIMAL AND HUMANS. IT’S ALSO AN INTRICATE — LAND
AND WATER AND PRODUCE TO GREENHOUSE EMISSIONS.
THIS CONTRIBUTION, HOWEVER, IS MANAGED WELL IF THEY HAVE ABLE
TO CONTRIBUTE TO BIODIVERSITY.
AND OFFER IMPORTANT CLIMATE —
AS YOU KNOW, THE INNOVATION.
INNOVATION IS SUSTAINABLE LIVESTOCK SYSTEMS IS VERY
APPROPRIATE FOR THE PURPOSE TODAY.
INNOVATION IS ABOUT TECHNOLOGY. INNOVATION IS ALSO ABOUT FINDING
NEW AND SUSTAINABLE USE OF EXIST EXISTING TECHNOLOGY.
IT’S ABOUT ENCOURAGEING NEW WAYS OF THINKING, RELATEED TO AREAS
SUCH AS GOVERNMENT POLICYIES, COMPANY STRATEGY IES.
THE GLOBAL GLOBAL AGENDA FOR
SUSTAINABLE LIVESTOCK PROVIDES A PLATFORM TO ENHANCE TECHNICAL
SOLUTIONS FOR SUSTAINABLE LIVESTOCK GLOBALLY REGIONALLALLY
AND NATIONALLY. IT DOES IN MANY WAYS SUCH AS
ANALYSIS TO IMPROVE RESOURCE EFFICIENCY, ADOPTING SYSTEM
TECHNIQUE SOMETIMES . PROVIDEING POSITIVE RELATIONSHIP
BETWEENS RELATIONSHIPS.
PRODUCEING LIVESTOCK SUSTAINABLE WITH GUIDELINES, IMPLEMENTING
PRODUCTIVEITY, BOOSTING GOOD TAX TAXES AND OF COURSE MITIGATEING
RESISTANCE. FOR EXAMPLE, IN AMERICA AND
SOUTH AMERICA, FOCUSING ON LOW CARBON LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION.
THIS IS SUBJECT ALSO TO BE SCALE SCALED UP TO CONDITIONS IN
AFRICA. IN MONGOLIA , NATIONAL AGENDA
SUSTAIN ABLE LIVESTOCK AND .
FINALLY, ALLOW ME TO MENTION THAT FAO HAS MOVE TOWARDS THE
PROPOSAL SUBCOMMITTEE ON LIVESTOCK FOR 2020 SESSION. WE BELIEVE THIS IS AN IMPORTANT
OF LIVESTOCK AND GASL TO MAKE IT
MORE EFFECTIVE. GLOBAL AGENDA FOR SUSTAINABLE
LIVESTOCK HAS A CENTRAL ROLE IN DRIVEING THE INNOVATION THAT IS
CRUCIAL TO SUSTAINABLE SUPPORT IN THE COMEING YEARS.
GASL IS PERFECT MODEL IN INNOVATION.
LADIES AND GENTLEMEN, I WISH YOU —
I LOOK FORWARD TO THIS DISCUSSION.
THANK YOU ALL. [APPLAUSE] // LADIES AND GENTLEMEN.
FRIENDS. IT’S MY PLEASURE AND HONOR TO
WELCOME YOU HERE AT KANSAS STATE UNIVERSITY FOR THE 9th MULTI
MULTISTAKEHOLDER PARTNERSHIP GLOBAL OF THE GLOBAL AGENDA FOR
SUSTAINABLE LIVESTOCK. FIRST TIME WE ARE UNITED STATES
OF AMERICA AND ALSO THE FIRST TIME VERY CLOSE COLLABORATION
WITH THE UNIVERSITY. WHICH IS FUNDAMENTAL TO BRING
THE RESEARCH RESULTS TO THE GROUND.
WE ARE VERY HAPPY TO BE HERE. ALREADY NOW THROUGH THE ENTIRE
TEAM OF KSU LED SUSAN METZGER.
THANK YOU ALL SPONSORS WHO HAS SUPPORTED THIS MEETING WITHOUT
THE SPONSORSHIP OF ALL THESE INSTITUTIONS, THIS MEETING WOULD
NOT TAKE PLACE. BEFORE I GIVE YOU A LITTLE BIT
OVERVIEW ON THE STRUCTURE OF THE MEETING, IF FEW WORDS ON THE
GLOBAL AGENDA, WE ARE MULTI- MULTI-STAKEHOLDER PARTNERSHIP.
WE ENHANCE THE CONTRIBUTION OF SUSTAINABLE AND WE RECOGNIZE
PLATFORM FOR SHAREING SOLUTIONS. FOR US, IT IS VERY IMPORTANT TO
SUPPORT AND MAGNIFY THE WORK OF OUR PATTERNS THE MULTI-
MULTI-STAKEHOLDER APPROACH. INNOVATION IS CRUCIAL OF THE
LIVESTOCK SECTOR .
OUR MAIN OBJECTIVES ARE TO FACILITATE DIALOGUE, THAT’S WHAT
YOU’RE GOING TO DO NEXT FOUR DAY DAYS.
ASSEMBLE AND ADVOCATE FOR CHANGE AND PRACTICE CHANGE.
FEW WORDS ON THE STRUCTURE. THE CLUSTERS.
WE ARE GROUPED AROUND CLUSTERS AND WE ARE GOVERNED BY A GUIDE
ING GROUP AND I HAVE THE HONOR TO
CHAIR THIS GUIDEING GROUP. THE ACTION WORK OF THE GLOBAL
AGENDA IS ACTUALLY DONE IN THE ACTION NETWORKS, THEY ARE LISTED
HERE. YOU WILL HEAR MUCH MORE ABOUT
THE ACTION NETWORK THIS WEEK, TOMORROW MORNING IN SHORT
PRESENTATION AND IN ROUND ROUNDTABLES.
WHEN YOU LOOK AT THE MEMBERSHIP, AS OF NOW, WE HAVE 111
INSTITUTION MEMBERS DISTRIBUTEED AMONG PUBLIC SECTOR PRIVATE
SECTORS ACADEMIC RESEARCH, MULTILATERAL ORGANIZATIONS, NGO
NGOs AND SOCIAL MOVEMENT. WE HAVE BEEN GROWING IN THE LAST
YEAR QUITE SUBSTANTIALLY AND WE WILL ALSO HAVE BOTH STABILITY
THURSDAY MORNING AT BREAKFAST SESSION TO , INTERESTED PARTNERS TO
BECOME MEMBERS. NOW, THE STRUCTURE OF THIS MEET
MEETING. THE GLOBAL AGENDA IS WORKING
ALONG FOR SUSTAINABILITY DOMAINS DOMAINS.
ECONOMIC GROWTH, FOOD AND NUTRITION SECURITY AND ANIMAL
WELFARE, CLIMATE AND NATURAL RESOURCES.
THESE FOUR SUSTAINABILITY DOMAIN DOMAINS ARE CLOSE LINK TO THE
SUSTAINABLE GOALS OF THE U.N. AGENDA 2030.
NOW, TODAY, WE CALL IT THE SIGN STAYS.
WE HAD DISCUSSIONS ON INNOVATION ALONG THE FOUR GLOBAL AGENDA
SUSTAINABILITY DOMAINS. WE WILL GET THE TOPIC OVERVIEW.
WE HAVE EXAMPLES OF INNOVATION ACTION AND ADDITIONAL
PERSPECTIVES. TOMORROW, WE HAVE THE POLICY DAY
DAY. WE HAVE PANELS, INNOVATIONS
LIVESTOCK AND ROLE OF — ON
WEDNESDAYS, WE HAVE LIVESTOCK
ADVISEMENT, ANIMAL HEALTH AND WELFARE AND WE HAVE THE
POSSIBILITY TO VISIT THE KANSAS STATE FAIR AND WE HAVE LIVESTOCK
FROM FARM TO FORK. ON THURSDAY, WE HAVE THE
CONCLUDE CONCLUSIONS.
WE WILL COLLECT ACTIONS. WE WILL PRESENT THE 2019-2021
GLOBAL AGENDA ACTION PLAN AND WE WILL GET THE FIRST INSIGHT IN
THE NEXT YEAR’S STAKEHOLDER PARTNERSHIP MEETING IN
SWITZERLAND. WE HAVE THE GUIDEING GROUP MEET
MEETING. IN ADDITION TO TODAY AND
TOMORROW, WE’LL HAVE SESSIONS. WE HAVE POSTED PRESENTATIONS.
WE HAVE LOT OF OPEN SPACE MEET MEETING OPPORTUNITYIES FOR
NETWORKING AND THERE WILL BE TIME FOR SOCIALIZING AND NETWORK
NETWORKING ON THE COFFEE BREAK AND ALSO AT LUNCH AND AT DINNER.
FEW OF THEM ARE SPONSORED AND OFFERED.
NOW AGAIN, THANK YOU VERY MUCH FOR COMEING HERE.
WE ARE VERY PROUD AND HAPPY THAT WE CAN WELCOME ALMOST 300
DELEGATES. I WISH YOU A VERY FRUITFUL MEET
MEETING IN THE NEXT FOUR DAYS. THANK YOU VERY MUCH AND ENJOY. // NOW WE’LL BEGIN OF FIRST FOUR
PLENARY SESSIONS. I WILL INVITE DONALD MOORE DOME
UP WE APPRECIATE THE SUPPORT FROM U.S. DAIRY WHO IS
RESPONSIBLE FOR THE PLENARY SESSION.
MR. MOORE.>>THANK YOU SUSAN.
THANK YOU TO KSU FOR ORGANIZEING THIS MEETING.
I THINK SUSAN AND THE TEAM DONE AN OUTSTANDING JOB.
IT’S REALLY TO GUIDE YOU THROUGH THE FIRST OF OUR PLENARY SESSION
SESSIONS WHICH IS ON FOOD AND NUTRITION SECURITY.
I’LL BE INTRODUCEING YOU TO THE SPEAKERS.
WE DO HAVE SOME INTRODUCTORY
RESPONSE FROM DR. GREG MILLER. I SHOULD PROBABLY INTRODUCE
MYSELF. I’M DONALD MOORE I’M THE
EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR OF THE ORGANIZATION FOR GLOBAL DAIRY
PLATFORM. I’M BASEED HERE IN THE UNITED
STATES JUST OUTSIDE OF CHICAGO. LET ME WELCOME YOU AS WELL TO
THE UNITED STATES, THIS IS MY HOME.
THROUGHOUT THE SESSION THIS MORNING, I WOULD LIKE YOU TO
THINK ABOUT THE QUESTIONS THAT YOU WANT TO ASK OUR PRESENTERS
AS SUSAN SAID BEFORE, THERE’S NO OPPORTUNITY FOR YOU TO STAND UP
WITH THE MICROPHONE BUT THERE’S PLENTY OF CHANCE FOR YOU TO TEXT
IN QUESTIONS AND ALSO TO WRITE YOUR QUESTIONS ON A PIECE OF
PAPER. SPEND SOME TIME THINK BEING WHAT
WOULD ASK PRESENTERS AS THEY SHARE THEIR COMMENTS.
DR. MILLER I WILL INTRODUCE YOU FIRST TO WELCOME PEOPLE AND
SHARE THE INTRODUCTION FROM THE INNOVATION CENTER .
>>GOOD MORNING. IT’S MY GREAT PLEASURE TO BE
ABLE TO WELCOME YOU HERE TO THIS VERY IMPORTANT MEETING.
ON BEHALF OF THE INNOVATION CENTER FOR U.S. DAIRY AND
AMERICA’S DAIRY FARMERS. INNOVATION CENTER FOR U.S. DAIRY
BRINGS TOGETHER PROCESSERS, DAIRY FARMERS AND OTHER MEMBERS
OF THE VALUE CHAIN TO WORK ON PROJECTS AND PROGRAMS THAT
DEVELOP STATE OF THE ART BEST PRACTICES.
TO DELIVER PRODUCTS THAT ARE HEALTHY FOR PEOPLE.
THE DAIRY INDUSTRY IN THE U.S.ES IS COMMIT TO IMPROVEMENT WE LEAD
THOSE EFFORTS TO IMPROVE ON A CONSTANT BASIS.
I SERVE AS A MEMBER OF A PANEL OF EXPERTS FOR THE U.N. FAO TO
DEVELOP A REPORT ON NUTRITION AND FOOD SYSTEMS.
THROUGH THAT EFFORT, I LEARNED LOT ABOUT WHERE OPPORTUNITYIES
WITHIN THE FOOD SYSTEMS TO CREATE OPPORTUNITYIES FOR
INNOVATION TO DELIVER MORE SUSTAINABLE AND MORE NUTRITIOUS
OUTCOMES FROM OUR FOOD SYSTEMS. OUR FOOD SYSTEM GLOBALLY IS MADE
UP OF DIFFERENT TYPES OF FOOD SYSTEMS.
THROUGH THAT PROCESS, I LEARNED THE IMPORTANT AND VALUABLE ROLE
THAT ANIMAL LIVESTOCK NEEDS TO PLAY IN DELIVERING A SUSTAINABLE
FOOD SYSTEM THAT DELIVERS NUTRITION.
IT’S INCREDIBLELY IMPORTANT AS MAL
MALNUTRITION STILL REMAINS HIGH. THE IMPORTANCE REDUCEING DISEASE
S AND DEALING WITH CLIMATE CHANGE.
ONE THE THING I LEARNED THROUGH THAT PROCESS WAS IMPORTANT ROLE
THAT LIVESTOCK CAN PLAY IN REDUCEING OUR FOOTPRINT IN
DEVELOPING AND DELIVERING NUTRIENT RICH FOODS LIKE DAIRY.
I’M SO PLEASE TO SEE MANY OF YOU HERE TOGETHER.
KEY THOUGHT LEADERS COMEING TOGETHER TO SHARE YOUR INSIGHT,
TO SHARE YOUR KNOWLEDGE TO DEBATE, THE ISSUES AND
OPPORTUNITYIES. IT’S THROUGH THAT DEBATEING,
ASKING QUESTIONS CAN AND CHALLENGEING EACH OTHER THAT WE
WILL UNDERSTAND WHERE THE GAPS ARE, HOW TO FILL THOSE GAPS AND
HOW TO DELIVER ON THE OPPORTUNITYIES TO DELIVER A
SUSTAINABLE FOOD SYSTEM. I ENCOURAGE YOU THROUGHOUT THIS
MEETING TO REALLY ENCOURAGE, TO SHARE YOUR THOUGHTS, ASK THE
HARD QUESTIONS. IT’S ONLY THROUGH CHALLENGEING
EACH OTHER THAT WE WILL FIND THE SOLUTIONS THAT WE NEED TO
IMPROVE THE ANIMAL LIVESTOCK SECTOR FORWARD AND DELIVERING
SUSTAINABILITY FOR OUR FOOD SYSTEM AND THE NUTRITIOUS
OUTCOMES THAT WE NEED TO REDUCE MALNUTRITION ACROSS THE GLOBE.
THANK YOU FOR BEING HERE AND BEING PART OF THIS.
THANK YOU FOR THE OPPORTUNITY TO BE HERE AND PARTICIPATE AS WELL.
JAY THE MEET — ENJOY THE MEET ING. // THANK YOU.
MORE THOSE WHO DON’T KNOW, DR. DR. MILLER IS OFTEN REFERRED AS
DR. DAIRY. YOU CAN FOLLOW THEM ON TWITTER
AND OTHER SOCIAL MEDIA FEEDS WHERE HE IS PROLIFIC.
THANK YOU FOR THOSE INTRODUCTORY REMARKS.
EACH SESSION TODAY, EACH OF THE PLENARY SESSIONS WILL FOLLOW THE
SAME FORMAT. WE’LL HAVE SOME INTRODUCTORY
COMMENTS FROM ONE OF THE AUTHORS OF THE FOUR PAPERS THAT PAPERS
THAT WERE CIRCULATEED.
EACH OF THE SESSIONS WILL START WITH THAT INTRODUCTORY REMARKS,
SORT OF AN OVERSUE FOR OVERVIEW OF THE TOPIC
TOPIC. RESPONDENT WILL SHARE THEIR
THOUGHTS AND VIEWS IN TERMS OF THE WORK BEING DONE.
THEN WE’LL HAVE SEVERAL EXAMPLES OF INNOVATIONS AND ACTION.
THEN IN THIS SESSION, WE’RE GOING TO HAVE AN ADDITIONAL
PERSPECTIVE PROVIDEED. IT’S MY PLEASURE TO WELCOME TO
THE STAGE AND PROFESSOR GEOFFREY DAHL AND CHAIR OF THE DEPARTMENT
OF ANIMAL SCIENCES AT UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA.
IN THIS POSITION, HE CONDUCTS BASIC RESEARCH WITH DIRECT
IMPACT ON ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND HEALTH.
HIS PROGRAM FOCUSES ON UNDERSTANDING THE PHYSIOLOGICAL
IMPACT OF MANAGEMENT INTERVENTIONS, HEAT STRESS ABATE
ABATEMENT AT STAGES OF THE CYCLE IN AN ATTEMPT TO HARNESS AND
HELP WITH THE PERFORMANCE. SOME OF THE ASPECTS OF DR. DAHL
DR. DAHL’S RESEARCH HAS LED TO APPLICATION OVER AGRICULTURALLY
IMPORTANT SPECIES IN SHEEP, GOAT GOATS AND PIGS.
DR. DAHL HOLDS PH.D. AT MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY AND A BACHELOR
DEGREE IN ANIMAL SCIENCE WITH A MINOR IN AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS
FROM THE UNIVERSITY OF MASSACHUSETTS.
PLEASE JOIN ME IN WELCOMEING PROFESSOR DAHL TO THE STAGE.
[APPLAUSE] // THANK YOU.
I FORGOT FEW OF THOSE DETAILS. I APPRECIATE THAT.
BEFORE I GET STARTED, I DID WANT TO JUST THANK MY CO-AUTHORS ON
THE PAPER. I HAD TO WRITE THEM DOWN TO MAKE
SURE I DIDN’T FORGET ANYONE. I APPRECIATE YOUR INPUT AND HELP
WHEN YOU WERE PUTTING THAT PAPER TOGETHER.
AS I SAT AND LISTENED TO THE INTRODUCTORY COMMENTS, YOU WILL
HEAR THAT I WILL PROBABLY REPEAT SOME THINGS THAT HAVE BEEN SAID
IN THIS OVERVIEW SESSION. I DON’T THINK THAT REPETITION IS
NECESSARILY BAD. IT HELPS US TO FOCUS ON SOME OF
THE IMPORTANT POLICY QUESTIONS THAT WILL BE DISCUSSED.
QUICKLY, OVER THE NEXT 10 MINUTE MINUTES, WHAT I WANT TO DO IS
HIGHLIGHT SOME OF THE ISSUES THAT WE SEE WITH REGARD TO FOOD
AND NUTRITIONAL SECURITY. COW ANIMAL SOURCE FOOD.
I USEED ASF ABBREVIATION THERE. HOW LIVESTOCK FIT INTO NOT ONLY
FOOD SECURITY BUT MORE IMPORTANTLY, NUTRITIONAL
SECURITY. HOW SOME OF THE SOCIETYIAL
IMPACT IMPACTS AND LOCAL IMPACTS CAN
INFLUENCE NOT JUST AVAILABILITY OF ANIMAL SOURCE FOOD BUT
AVAILABILITY TO VULNERABLE GROUP GROUPS . I WILL HIT ON JUST COUPLE OF BIG
TOPICS IN TERMS OF CHALLENGEINGS ING CHALLENGES
LIVESTOCK, FOOD AVAILABILITY. FOOD VERSUS FEED DEBATE AND
WHERE THAT STANDS AND GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS AND HOW WE CAN
POSITION OURSELFVES TO ADDRESS SOME OF THOSE TOPICS MORE
EFFECTIVELY. FINALLY, TALK ABOUT JUST BROADLY
SOME OF THE OTHER ASPECTS OF LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION AROUND THE
WORLD THAT MAY INFLUENCE AVAILABILITY TO ANIMAL SOURCE
FOODS. STARTING WITH THE DEFINITION OF
FOOD SECURITY FROM THE U.N. COMMITTEE ON WORLD FOOD SECURITY
SECURITY. I THINK IT’S IMPORTANT TO POINT
OUT THAT EVEN IN THAT DEFINITION OF FOOD SECURITY, NUTRITION IS
AN INTEGRAL PART OF IT. IT’S NOT AVAILABILITY IT’S
RECOGNITION OF THE FACT THAT NUTRITION IS A CRITICAL
COMPONENT TO FOOD SECURITY AND EFFECTIVE FOOD SECURITY.
AT THE HOUSE HOLD LEVEL IN PARTICULAR, WE KNOW THAT THREATS
TO FOOD SECURITY CAN REALLY UNDERMINE THE EFFORTS TO IMPROVE
NUTRITION, PARTICULARLY FOR THOSE VULNERABLE GROUPS.
IT WOULD FOLLOW IF WE CAN MAKE INTERVENTION THAT WOULD IMPROVE
FOOD SECURITY OVERALL THAT SHOULD IMPROVE NUTRITIONAL
SECURITY TO THOSE VULNERABLE GROUPS. OF COURSE ONE OF THE MOST COMMON
OUTCOMES OF NUTRITIONAL IN INSECURITY IS STUNTING.
THIS IS SOMETHING THAT WE FOCUS ON SIGNIFICANTLY IN THE
LIVESTOCK SYSTEMS INNOVATION LAB BECAUSE IT NOT.
ONLY HAS IMPACTS ON PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT BUT MORE AND MORE
WE’RE REALIZEING, THERE’S SIGNIFICANT IMPACT ON COGNIZANT
DEVELOPMENT. OVERALL DEVELOPMENT OF CHILDREN
AND THEN ULTIMATE CONTRIBUTIONS TO THEIR SOCIETYIES.
I THINK THAT THIS IS SOMETHING THAT WE NEED TO EMPHASIZE MORE
IN OUR DISCUSSIONS AND THE IMPORTANCE OF ANIMAL SOURCE FOOD
FOODS TO NUTRITIONAL SECURITY. IF WE LOOK AROUND THE WORLD, WE
GOT MACRO THREATS TO ACCESS TO LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS AND TO ANIMAL
SOURCE FOODS. YOU’RE ALL FAMILIAR WITH ALL OF
THESE. THINK THAT WHAT WE TRY AND DO,
PARTICULARLY LIVESTOCK LAB, IT’S NOT FOCUSES MUCH ON THE OVER
ABUNDANCE IN CERTAIN AREAS THAT CAN BE A PROBLEM AND IT’S BEEN
ALREADY MENTIONED THIS MORNING, OUR FOCUS IS ON THESE AREAS
WHERE THERE’S SIGNIFICANT CHALLENGES TO JUST FULL ACCESS
TO LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS. AT THE VERY LOCAL LEVEL, THERE
ARE OTHER INFLUENCES BEYOND THE MACRO INFLUENCES THAT I TALKED
ABOUT IN THE LAST SLIDE. THINGS LIKE GENDER AND THE
ACCESS OF WOMEN, CHILDREN TO LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS.
TYPICALLY THAT’S GOING TO BE REDUCEED RELATIVE TO MEN.
THE GROUPS THAT MAY NEED THESE PRODUCTS THE MOST ARE LIMITED IN
THEIR ACCESS TO THOSE PRODUCTS. PRODUCTS.
THAT CAN HAVE INFLUENCE ON NUTRITIONAL SECURITY.
MOVEING INTO SOME OF THE ISSUES, ONE OF THE FIRST THAT WE HEAR
COMMONLY IS THE DEBATE ABOUT FEED FOR ANIMALS VERSUS FOOD FOR
HUMANS. I THINK THAT WE CANNOT OVER
OVEREMPHASIZE THE FACT THAT AS LITTLE AS 14% OR 15% OF HUMAN
CONSUMEABLE PRODUCTS ARE PUT THROUGH ANIMALS TO PRODUCE
ANIMAL-SOURCEED FOODS. MOST OF WHAT ANIMALS ARE CONSUME
CONSUMING ARE PRODUCTS THAT HAVE NO VALUE IN THE HUMAN FOOD CHAIN
CHAIN. THEY ONLY HAVE VALUE WHEN THEY
ARE PUT THROUGH ANIMALS AND CAN PRODUCE HUMAN CONSUMEABLE
PRODUCT PRODUCTS.
I THINK THAT’S ONE WAY TO FRAME THE ARGUMENT AND ONE WAY TO
FRAME THAT RESPONSE IS THAT WE’RE LOOKING AT HUMAN CONSUME
CONSUMABLE OUTPUTS RATHER THAN JUST HUMAN.
IN TERMS OF LAND, THERE ARE OBVIOUSLY INFLUENCES WELL BEYOND
WHAT THAT LAND MIGHT BE APPLYIED FOR IN TERMS OF PRODUCTION OF
OTHER PROP CROPS. THERE’S PLENTY OF LAND THAT HAS
NO VALUE AT ALL FOR CROP PRODUCTION EXCEPT FOR LIVESTOCK
CROP PRODUCTION. AGAIN, WHEN WE TALK ABOUT THE
IDEA THAT PRODUCTION TO LIVESTOCK IS LIMITING ACCESS TO
LAND THAT CAN BE USEED FOR OTHER PURPOSES, THAT LAND IS ONLY SUIT
SUITABLE FOR PRODUCTION OF ANIMAL SOURCE FOODS.
IN ADDITION, THERE ARE A LOT OF OTHER OUTCOMES AND USES OF THAT
LAND, ECOSYSTEM SERVICES, WILDLIFE HABITAT AND EVEN CARBON
SEQUESTRATION THAT MAY COME FROM APPLICATION OR ABUSE OF THAT
LAND TO LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION. WHAT IF WE GOT RID OF LIVESTOCK
PRODUCTION COMPLETELY? THIS IS AN EXTREME BOUNDARY THAT
WAS MODELED IN A PAPER. THE IDEA WAS IN THE U.S., WE
JUST ELIMINATE LIVESTOCK LIVE LIVESTOCK
PRODUCTION. WHAT EFFECT THAT WOULD HAVE.
I THINK THE OUTCOME IN TERMS OF GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS IS
FAIRLY LIMITED. ESTIMATEED ABOUT 2.6% UNITS.
MORE IMPORTANTLY, WHEN WE LOOKED AT THE IMPACT ON NUTRITIONAL
SECURITY, IT WAS SIGNIFICANT. IT WAS A SIGNIFICANT REDUCTION
IN NUTRITIONAL SECURITY BY COMPLETELY ELIMINATEING
LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION.
AGAIN, ANOTHER WAY TO FRAME THE RESPONSE TO GREENHOUSE GAS
EFFECTS OF LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION. IT’S NOT ONLY GOING TO HAVE
LIMITS ON THE LIVESTOCK INDUSTRY BUT ALSO ON NUTRITIONAL SECURITY
AND IN THIS MODEL IN THE U.S., A SIGNIFICANT ONE.
ONE WAY TO MOVE FORWARD AND ONE WAY THAT I’M SURE WE’LL TALK
ABOUT NEXT COUPLE OF DAYS IS TO WORK TO IMPROVE THE PRODUCTION
EFFICIENCY OF LIVE LIVESTOCK AROUND
THE WORLD AND LOOK AT INNOVATION INNOVATIONS THAT WILL HELP US
DRIVE IMPROVEMENTS IN PRODUCTION EFFICIENCY.
WHEN WE CONSIDER HOW MUCH ANIMAL ANIMALS PRODUCE HUMAN CONSUME
ABLE FOOD OUTPUT VERSUS THE INPUTS IN
THE GREENHOUSE GAS OUTPUT, YOU CAN SEE THAT WHEN WE IMPROVE
PRODUCTION EFFICIENCY, THE EXTENT THAT WE SEE IN U.S.
VERSUS OTHER AREAS, YOU CAN HAVE SIGNIFICANT REALIZATION OR
REDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS OUTPUT IN HUMAN CONSUMEABLE FOOD
. WE GOT SORT OF COMPETEING
OBLIGATIONS THAT WE NEED TO ADDRESS.
GROWING PROPOSITION GROWING TOWARDS 10 BILLION BUT ALSO
ENVIRONMENTAL STEWARDSHIP. I THINK THAT ONE OF THE AREAS TO
BE CONSIDERED IS HOW WE MEASURE THE EFFECT OF LIVESTOCK
PRODUCTION ON THE ENVIRONMENT AND MORE APPROPRIATE MEANS OF
DOING THAT MIGHT BE TO LOOK AT EMISSIONS PER UNIT OF FOOD
PRODUCEED. EMISSIONS INTENSITY RATHER THAN
JUST TOTAL GREENHOUSE GAS OUTPUT OUTPUT.
WE LOOK AT THIS FAIRLY STRAIGHTFORWARD EQUATION.
AS WE IMPROVE THE EFFICIENCY OF LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION, THIS
MEASURE SHOULD IMPROVE AS WELL. I THINK THAT THIS IS ONE OF THE
THINGS THAT WE CAN DO TO MEET THE GROWING NEED FOR ANIMAL AND
DEMAND FOR ANIMAL SOURCE FOODS GLOBALLY WHILE DECREASEING OR
MITIGATEING SOME OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS.
FINALLY SOME OF THE OTHER FACTOR FACTORS THAT NEED TO BE
CONSIDERED IN ANY DISCUSSION OF LIMITING OR INCREASEING ANIMAL
SOURCE FOOD AVAILABILITY TO MEET THE NUTRITIONAL SECURITY NEEDS
OF GLOBAL POPULATION, ARE THE OTHER INFLUENCES OF LIVESTOCK
PRODUCTION. THE ECONOMIC INFLUENCES OF
LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION PARTICULARLY IN SOME OF THE POOR
POORER REGIONS OF THE WORLD. THESE CAN’T BE DISCOUNTED WHEN
WE THINK ABOUT LIVELIHOODS AND ACCESS TO ANIMAL SOURCEED FOODS
GLOBALLY. IN TERMS OF SUMMARY OF THE
INTRODUCTION, SOME OF THE MAIN FACTORS , LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION IS
VITAL FOR EDUCATIONAL NUTRITION AND ECONOMIC SUSTAINABILITY.
WHEN WE THINK ABOUT IMPROVEMENTS IN COGNITIVE FUNCTION WITH
IMPROVEMENTS IN ACCESS ANIMAL SOURCEED FOODS.
THAT IS ALL GOING TO DEPEND AND IMPROVE NUTRITIONAL SECURITY
AROUND THE WORLD. OBVIOUSLY, LIVESTOCK DO
CONTRIBUTE TO GREENHOUSE GAS PRODUCTION BUT SIGNIFICANT
IMPROVEMENTS ARE AND SHOULD BE ACHIEVEABLE THROUGH INCREASEING
THE EFFICIENCY OF LIVESTOCK PRODUCTIVEITY GLOBALLY.
WE WANT TO LOOK AT THIS IN THE RIGHT WAY. EMISSION IS ONE WAY TO BENCHMARK
THIS. TO PRODUCE OUTPUT FOR CONSUME
ABLE FOOD.
BY INCREASEING LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION, ESPECIALLY IN
DEVELOPING AN EMERGEING ECONOMY IES
ECONOMIES, WE’LL BE ABLE TO IMPROVE FOOD AND NUTRITIONAL
SECURITY TO FUTURE POPULATIONS IN PARTICULAR, GET OUR INTEREST
IN THE LIVESTOCK LAB, IMPROVEING THAT TO VULNERABLE POPULATIONS
WHERE IT MAY HAVE LIVE I LIFELONG IMPACTS ON THEIR
QUALITY OF LIFE. WITH THAT, THANK YOU FOR YOUR
ATTENTION. I LOOK FORWARD TO CONTINUEING
THE CONVERSATION.
[APPLAUSE] // THANK YOU VERY MUCH PROFESSOR
DAHL FOR YOUR OPENING REMARKS. WE’RE GOING TO HAVE OUR FIRST
RESPONDENT TIM KURT. TIM CAN THE FOUNDATION FOR FOOD
AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH. HE JOINED THEM BACK IN 2016 AND
TIM IS RESPONSIBLE FOR DEVELOPING ANIMAL RESEARCH
PROGRAMS TO SUPPORT INNOVATEIVE BIOLOGICAL AND MANAGEMENT
APPROACHES TO PREVENTING AND CONTROLLING INFECTIOUS DISEASE
AND REDUCEING THE RELIANCE UPON MEDICALLY IMPORTANT ANTIBIOTICS.
TIM, WELCOME TO THE STAGE. WE INVITE YOU TO SHARE YOUR
RESPONSE TO PROFESSOR DAHL’S PAPER.>>THANK YOU DONALD.
THANK YOU SOUTH ORGANIZERS FOR OFFERING THE OPPORTUNITY TO
PRESENT TODAY. I’M EXCITEED TO TELL YOU LITTLE
BIT ABOUT WHAT WE’RE DOING IN THE SPACE AND HOW IT RELATES TO
REALLY ALL FOUR OF THE KEY THEME THEMES FOR CONFERENCE TODAY.
I’M PROVIDE A BACKGROUND ON 4 4th QUARTER FOR —
FOOD AND AGRICULTURE RESEARCH. TOUCH ON SOME OF THE POINTS THAT
DR. DAHL JUST MENTIONED RELATEED TO LIVESTOCK AND FOOD AND
NUTRITION SECURITY. WHAT I LIKE TO TALK ABOUT ARE
OBLIGATIONS WHICH WERE NICELY PRESENTED PREVIOUSLY.
THE FOUNDATION FOR FOOD AND AGRICULTURE RESEARCH IT’S A
RELATIVELY NEW NONPROFIT THAT IS FEDERALLY FUNDED AND FEDERALLY
ESTABLISHED HERE IN THE UNITED STATES.
THIS IS ESTABLISHED BY CONGRESS AND HAS BEEN FUNDED BY CONGRESS
AS WELL. WITH THE INTENT OF CREATEING
PUBLIC PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS. THE WAY THAT THE FOUNDATION
WORKS, WE RECEIVEED $385 MILLION IN FEDERAL FUNDS TO DATE AND
THIS IS SINCE 2014. WE WORKED VERY CLOSELY WITH
OTHER NGOs AND PRIVATE SECTOR TO MATCH THAT FUNDING DOLLAR FOR
DOLLAR IN INNOVATEIVE RESEARCH.
THE AREA THAT I OVERSEE IS ALL OF A OUR ANIMAL RESEARCH PROGRAM
PROGRAMS AND WE HAVE QUITE A BROAD MANDATE.
THIS IS WHAT’S RELEVANT FOR THE DISCUSSION TODAY.
AS DR. DAHL MENTIONED, THE IMPORTANCE OF ANIMAL PRODUCTS
CAN’T BE OVERSTATEED. ANIMAL SOURCEED FOODS ACCOUNT
FOR 24% OF PROTEIN AND 18% CALORIE.
THEY ARE NUTRIENT DENSEED. THESE PRODUCTS CONTAIN ALL AMINO
ACIDS. THEY CONTAIN MANY OF THE
IMPORTANT MICRONUTRIENTS THAT PREVENTS STUNTING AND OTHER
ISSUES BEEN THESE INCLUDE IRON, ZINC VITAMINS, A, B AND B12 AND
FATTY ACIDS. IMPORTANTLY IN COMPARISON TO
MANY OF THE PLANT PROTEIN SOURCE SOURCES VERY LOW LEVEL OF ANTI-
ANTI-NUTRIENTS IN ANIMAL PRODUCT PRODUCTS.
WHEN WE LOOK AT THEM IN TOTALITY TOTALITY, THEY ARE VERY CRITICAL
FOR PROMOTEING GROWTH AND PREVENT
PREVENTING STUNTING AND SUPPORT SUPPORTING HEALTHY BRAIN
DEVELOPMENT. THERE’S OTHER CONSIDERATIONS AS
WELL WHICH WERE TOUCHED UPON IN THE PREVIOUS TALK.
WHICH ARE THAT LIVESTOCK CONVERT INEDIBLE FOOD RESOURCES AND HIGH
QUALITY FOODS. THIS IS WHERE OUR GRAZEING
SPECIES REALLY CAN PLAY A ROLE IN IMPROVEING FOOD PRODUCTION
AND INCREASEING FOOD PRODUCTION.
IN ADDITION, THEY REQUIRE VERY MINIMAL PROCESS AND ADDED
INGREDIENTS. THIS IS SHOULD BE STRESSED AS A
HUGE POSITIVE AND COMPARISON TO SOME OF THE ALTERNATIVES THAT
WE’RE SEEING OUT THERE. THEY TASTE GREAT.
NO ONE CAN COMPLAIN ABOUT THAT. I THINK THERE’S SOME OTHER
CONSIDERATIONS OR OBLIGATIONS AS WELL THAT WE NEED TO CONSIDER
WHEN WE’RE LOOKING AT ANIMAL- ANIMAL-SOURCEED FOODS AND MEET
THE GROWING DEMAND. A WE’RE TALKING ABOUT HERE IS
TRYING TO IMPROVE PRODUCTION AND IMPROVE ACCESS AND CONSUMPTION,
PARTICULARLY IN LOW AND MIDDLE INCOME COUNTRYIES.
WHEN WE LOOK AT THIS GLOBAL PICTURE, THERE ARE PROJECTIONS
THAT WE WILL NEED TO PRODUCE AS MUCH FOOD IN THE NEXT 30 YEARS
AS WHAT’S PRODUCEED IN THE LAST 10,000 YEARS COMBINEED.
WHICH IS A STAGGERING WAY OF LOOKING AT IT AND ONE WHICH I
FEEL CAN BE USEED USE USE — ADDRESSED USE
USING ALL THE TOOLS THAT WE HAVE AVAILABLE.
WE ARE SUPPORTING ALL TYPES OF APPROACHES TO IMPROVEING FOOD
PRODUCTION WHETHER IT’S PLANT OR ANIMAL-BASEED.
I SEE VERY IMPORTANT ROLE FOR ANIMAL SYSTEMS IN THIS NEXT 30
YEARS. THERE ARE SOME ADDITIONAL
CONSIDERATION THAT NEED TO BE CONSIDERED AS WE MOVE FORWARD.
THESE ALL CONTRIBUTE TO SOCIAL LICENSE TO OPERATE.
THESE REALLY RELATE TO ENVIRONMENTS ANTIBIOTIC AND
ANIMAL HEALTH AND WELFARE. SOME OF THESE ARE MORE A
CONSIDERATION FOR INTENSIFYIED SYSTEMS.
I WILL TALK ABOUT WHAT THE FOUNDATION FOR FOOD AND
AGRICULTURE RESEARCH IS DOING TO ADDRESS THESE ISSUES.
WHEN IT COMES TO ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES, WE SUPPORTED RESEARCH ON
GRAZEING MANAGEMENT AND DIFFERENT
TYPES OF CARBON MODELS. WE’RE ENGAGEED IN RESEARCH ON
ADDITIVES WAY TO REDUCE METHANE. AS WE LOOK AT THAT ISSUE, WE SEE
THAT IN THE U.S., APPROXIMATELY 2.7% OF GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS
ARE ATTRIBUTEED TO PERMUTATIONS. THIS IS SIGNIFICANT ABOUT 30% OF
AGRICULTURE GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS.
A NUMBER OF DIFFERENT APPROACHES HAVE BEEN TRYIED, NONE OF WHICH
HAVE BEEN SUCCESSFUL. THERE HAS BEEN SOME VERY
INTERESTING RECENT WORK ON SEA WEED WHICH SHOW THAT SOME SEA
WEED CAN REDUCE METHANE EMISSION EMISSIONS SIGNIFICANTLY.
THERE’S SIGNIFICANT AMOUNT OF WORK THAT’S STILL NEEDED IN
ORDER FOR US TO ACTUALLY IMPLEMENT THIS INNOVATION.
BOTH THE PRODUCTION OF SEA WEEDS AND SAFETY, IMPACT ON ANIMAL
HEALTH AND EFFICIENCY AND MANY OTHER CONSIDERATIONS.
THESE ARE THINGS THAT WE’RE ENGAGEED WITH.
IN ADDITION, WE HAVE ESTABLISHED AN INTERNATIONAL CONSORTIUM IN
AGRICULTURE. THIS IS A PROGRAM WHICH BRINGS
TOGETHER PRIVATE SECTOR PARTNERS TO SUPPORT RESEARCH ON ANTI- ANTI-MICROBILE STEWARDSHIP. BABYIES WE SAW REDUCTION 47% AND
HIGHER PREVALENT IN THE REDUCTION.
VERY DRAMATIC FINDING ADDING ANIMAL SOURCE FOOD TO THE DIET
OF THESE CHILDREN. CONSUMPTION IS VERY LOW.
IT INCREASES LOWEST IN AFRICA AND INCREASEING 6 TO 8 MONTHS, 9
TO 11 MONTHS, 12 TO 18 MONTHS. THIS GRAPH SHOWS A CRISES AND
INDIVIDUAL COUNTRYIES. YOU CAN SEE THAT IN NORTH
AMERICA, AND MEXICO, AN EGG ONLY TWO TIMES.
IF YOU GET INTO AFRICAN COUNTRY COUNTRIES, IT’S REALLY 8 TO 25
TIMES. JUST EXPENSEIVE.
THE FIRST MEET IS TO MEET THE ENERGY NEEDS.
THAT’S WHAT YOU WILL SPEND MONEY ON.
WHAT DO WE SEE GOING ON? VERY HIGH RELATIVE PRICES, HIGH
HIGHING PERISHABLE AND DON’T TRAVEL WELL.
FAMILYIES HAVE EGGS. OVER 50% OF FAMILYIES HAVE EGGS
AND 40% OF FAMILYIES HAVE EGG. YOU GOT THE CHICKENS.
CHICKENS AREN’T PRODUCEING MUCH. WHAT LITTLE THEY PRODUCE IS THEY
ARE SOLD OR IT’S A NEGATIVE CHICKEN. THEY ARE VERY LARGE ECONOMY
SCALE IN POULTRY PRODUCTION. COMMERCIAL POULTRY IN AFRICA
FACES HIGH FEED COSTS. THERE’S A LOT OF WORK ON THIS
AND IMPORTANCE OF BRINGING DOWN THE COST TO FACILITATE
COMMERCIAL PRODUCTION IN AFRICA. COMMERCIAL PRODUCTION REDUCE
COST OF INPUT AND PARTICULARLY THE SEED.
ONE OF THE REASONS MY COLLEAGUE AND I WERE SO INTERESTED DOING
EGG RESEARCH IS LOCAL PRODUCTION IS A WAY FOR RULE DEVELOPMENT
AND SO TO LOOK AT THIS MORE CAREFULLY, REALLY ADDRESS HIGH
MORALITY IN EGG YIELD. THIS EXAMPLE OF ROW PROMOTION IS
A SUSTAINABLE MODEL LOOKING AT
VILLAGE POULTRY ADVISORS. THEY CAN SELL IT TO SMALL
INDIVIDUAL FARMERS WHO ARE WILLING TO INVEST.
THEY CAN ONLY BUY A FEW CHICKENS CHICKENS.
THEY HAVE TO LOOK INTO SUPPORT SUPPORTING SMALL HATCHES TO
PROTECT THE CHICKENS. IT’S BEEN A SUCCESSFUL MODEL.
JUST TO CLOSE BEFORE MY CLOSEING ,
TAKE AWAY MESSAGES. THIS GIVES US A RELATIVE
DIFFERENT ANIMAL SOURCEED FOODS IN 176 COUNTRYIES GROUPED BY
INCOME LEVELS SO WE HAVE ORANGE HIGH INCOME, UPPER MIDDLE, LOWER
MIDDLE AND THEN LOW INCOME COUNTRYIES.
YOU CAN SEE THE HUGE RESPONSE IN THE COST OF THESE FOODS RELATIVE
TO THE STABLES. JUST THE IMPORTANCE OF — MORE
EXPENSEIVE LOW INCOME COUNTRYIES THAN THE OTHER ANIMALS.
KIND OF HARD TO IMAGINE. THIS IS WHAT THE DATA SHOW.
THE IMPORTANCE OF LOOKING AT INNOVATEIVE SUSTAINABLE WAYS TO
BRING DOWN THE COST OF THESE FOODS AS WELL AS OBVIOUSLY
INCOMES SO THAT HOUSE HOLDS CAN ACCESS THESE FOODS IN LOW AND
MIDDLE INCOME COUNTRYIES. MY KEY TAKE AWAY, THEY ARE
ESSENTIAL ANIMAL SOURCEED FOODS FOR IMPROVEING NUTRITION.
WE DO NEED TO HAVE A BETTER EVIDENCE-BASEED.
NO QUESTION WITH THE CONCERNS NOW ABOUT THE ENVIRONMENT AND
THE ROLE OF ANIMAL SOURCEED FOODS
AND CONTRIBUTEING TO ENVIRONMENT ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION.
THE HIGHER THE COUNTRY, THE HIGH HIGHER THE COST.
THIS IS WHERE THE FOODS MOST NEEDED. AT THE SAME TIME, WE REALLY
CAN’T FORGET THE ROLE OF LOCAL PRODUCTION.
BOTH IN TERMS OF PRODUCEING EGGS AND THE CHICKENS BUT ALSO
EMPOWERMENT OF WOMEN. WITH THAT, THANK YOU VERY MUCH
AND LOOK FORWARD TO ANY QUESTION QUESTIONS. // OUR NEXT SPEAKER IS JOHN
NIEMANN HE’S BEEN WITH CARGILL SINCE 2001 FOR EIGHT YEARS HE
WAS WITH ANIMAL HEALTH. EXTENSIVE BACKGROUND AND
EXPERIENCE IN THE ANIMAL EGG INDUSTRY.
JOHN HAS EXPERIENCE WITH THE INTERNATIONAL STRATEGIC, MARKET
MARKETING AND BUSINESS IMPROVEMENT AND OPERATIONS
ACROSS MULTIPLE DIFFERENT PROTEIN FIELDS.
JOHN I BELIEVE YOU’RE FROM KANSAS STATE UNIVERSITY.
LET ME WELCOME YOU TO THE STAGE. I GUESS THIS IS YOUR HOME RATHER
THAN MINE. // ALL RIGHT.
FIRST OF ALL, IT IS ALWAYS GREAT TO BE BACK AT MY ALMA MATER.
I WILL SAY JUST FOR THOSE THAT ARE WRITING DOWN BIG QUESTIONS,
YOU’LL NOTICE THAT I AM NOT A PH.D. LIKE THE OTHER THREE SPEAK
SPEAKERS. WHEN YOU ASK A QUESTION, KEEP IT
SIMPLE. AGAIN, I WANT TO SAY WELCOME.
WE’RE EXCITEED THAT KANSAS AGRICULTURE AND KANSAS STATE
UNIVERSITY CAN HOST SUCH A GREAT EVENT.
IT’S AN HONOR THAT I WAS ABLE TO DRIVE COUPLE OF HOURS TO BE HERE
FOR A GLOBAL CONVERSATION. I SPENT LOT OF MY TIME ON THE
ROAD, TRAVELING THE WORLD, TALKING TO PEOPLE ABOUT PROTEIN.
THIS FITS RIGHT IN AND THESE CONVERSATIONS ARE IMPORTANT.
LITTLE BIT ABOUT CARGILL. FOR SOME OF YOU, YOU MAY KNOW US
US. WE ARE THE LARGEST PRIVATELY
HELD COMPANY IN THE WORLD. WE HAVE A BIG FOOTPRINT.
WITH THAT COMES A BIG RESPONSIBILITY.
155,000 EMPLOYEES IN NEARLY 70 COUNTRYIES.
WHEN WE TALK ABOUT FEEDING THE WORLD, WHILE WE STARTED IT WITH
A SMALL GRAIN ELEVATOR 150 YEARS AGO IN CONOVER, IOWA, THE IM
IMPRINTS THAT WE HAVE AND THE RESPONSIBILITY WE HAVE IS
SOMETHING WE TAKE SERIOUSLY. IT’S PART OF OUR CORE VALUES TO
KNOW THAT WHEN WE TALK ABOUT NOURISHING THE WORLD IN A SAFE
AND RESPONSIBLE AND AFFORDABLE WAY AND DO THAT WE HAVE TO HAVE
A SUSTAINABLE MODEL. THIS ISN’T JUST ABOUT WHO IS
HUNGRY NOW BUT IT’S ALSO ABOUT FEEDING THE FUTURE.
WHEN WE SEE THAT PROTEIN CONSUMPTION AND DEMAND IS GOING
TO GROW BY NEARLY 70%. SOME OF THE SLIDES YOU SEEN
BEFORE IS THAT WE HAVE A LOT TO DO IN THE NEXT 30 YEARS.
THE WAY THAT WE DO AND HOW WE DO THAT AND HOW WE CONNECT WITH OUR
GROWERS AND CONSUMERS IS A COMPLEX CONVERSATION.
IT’S A GREAT OPPORTUNITY. FOR THOSE HERE TODAY, IT ALLOWS
US THE CHANCE TO HAVE A DIALOGUE ABOUT WHAT WE DO NEXT AND HOW WE
TAKE CARE OF THIS GREAT PLANET. MY RESPONSIBILITY TODAY IS TO
GIVE YOU SOME EXAMPLES OF SOME WORK THAT WE’RE DOING.
IT’S NOT ANY EXHAUSTIVE LIST. I GOT FOUR EXAMPLES I WILL GIVE
YOU IN TERMS OF HOW WE’RE PARTNERING.
WE BELIEVE THAT THE IMPORTANCE OF THE VITALITY AND SUCCESS OF A
FARMER IS CRITICALLY IMPORTANT NO MATTER WHERE THEY ARE BASEED
AROUND THE WORLD. WE ALSO BELIEVE THAT IT’S
CRITICALLY IMPORTANT THAT WE ADDRESS THE NEEDS AND DEMANDS
AND CONCERNS THAT CONSUMERS MIGHT HAVE.
TO DO THAT, ONE THE THINGS THAT WAS MENTIONED IS PARTNERSHIP.
DOING THINGS COLLABORATIVELY. THIS IS AN EXAMPLE WHERE WE WORK
ON WHAT’S CALLED THE CENTRAL NEBRASKA IRRIGATION PROJECT.
IN THIS CASE, IT WAS A PARTNERSHIP WITH THE NATURE CONSERVECY NESTLE PURINA.
WE ALSO WORK IN THE FOOD INGREDIENT SYSTEM.
WE PARTNER WITH A COMPANY LIKE NESTLE IN THEIR ANIMAL SIDE OF
BUSINESS AS WELL AS THEIR HUMAN SIDE ON A GLOBAL BASIS.
BY DOING THIS, WE PUT TOGETHER THESE SENSORS AND THIS
TECHNOLOGY IS NEW IN ONE SENSE BUT PEOPLE HAVE BEEN WORKING ON
THIS FOR YEARS. TO MONITOR WHEN A CROP NEEDS
IRRIGATEED. KNEADEDINSTEAD OF PUTTING IT ON
A TIMER TIMER, THIS IS ALL ON AN APP.
THE SENSORS TELL THE FARMER WHEN IT’S TIME TO WATER.
WE’RE TESTING THE SOIL MOISTURE. THERE ARE TIMES THAT JUST OUT OF
HABIT AND OUT OF PROGRAMMING, WE MAY OVER WATER.
THROUGH THIS SENSOR SYSTEM AND THROUGH THE EFFICIENCY AND TIME
SAVEINGSES TIME SAVEINGS WE’VE ESTIMATEED WITHIN
THIS PROJECT WE SAVEED 2.4 BILLION GALLONS OF WATER
OVER THREE YEARS. WHAT DOES THAT MEAN TO THE STATE
OF NEBRASKA? WE HAVE A BEEF PROCESSING PLANT
AND ONE OF THE THINGS THAT WAS TALKED ABOUT, THERE’S A LARGE
CONNECTION BETWEEN THE AMOUNT OF WATER IT TAKES TO PRODUCE A CROP
THAT FEEDS AN ANIMAL THAT WE PROCESS.
WHAT WE’RE SAVING IS ABOUT THE SAME AMOUNT OF WATER THAT IT
TAKES TO PROCESS ON THE BEAT PROCESSING.
WE’RE ACTUALLY IN A CLOSEED LOOP SYSTEM OF PARTNERSHIP, WE’RE
TREATER CREATE CREATEING EFFICIENCY AND SAVING
WATER. WHAT WE FIND THERE’S COLLECTIVE
COLLECTIVELY MUCH BETTER FOOTPRINT IMPROVEMENT IN
NEBRASKA ON THIS PROJECT. THIS IS ANOTHER ONE THAT’S IN
OUR TURKEY BUSINESS. THIS IS REALLY FROM A CONSUMER
STANDPOINT. WE IMPLEMENTED BLOCK CHAIN
TECHNOLOGY. WE KNOW WHERE OUR BIRDS ARE
GROWN AND WHO THEY ARE GROWN BY. THEY COME TO US IN THOSE GROUPS
FROM THE FARMERS. WE HAVE 700 INDEPENDENT FARMERS
THAT RAISE BIRDS WITH US. WE’RE ABLE TO PUT THAT ON A QR
CODE TO GOES ON TO THE BIRD AND THAT’S A FROZEN TURKEY THAT GOES
INTO RETAIL. THEN THE CONSUMER CAN USE THEIR
PHONE AND SCAN THAT CODE AND THAT WILL LET THEM KNOW IF THE
NAME, THE LOCATION AND LITERALLY VIRTUALLY GET TO MEET THE FARMER
FARMER. THE FARMERS HAVE DONE INTERVIEWS
INTERVIEWS, THEY’VE DONE QUESTIONS.
THEY TALK ABOUT THEIR OPERATIONS AND IT GIVES THIS CONNECTION
FROM A CONSUMER STANDPOINT AND ANSWER WHERE DOES MY FOOD COME
FROM AND WHO’S PRODUCEING THAT PRODUCT.
LAST YEAR WE HAD 200,000 HONEY SUCKLE WHITE TURKEYS DURING
THANKSGIVING GO OUT WITH THIS CODE.
WE’RE CONTINUEING TO DEVELOP THIS
IDEA, DEVELOPING LEARNING. IT’S A GREAT ENGAGEMENT FOR FARM
FARMERS AND THERE ARE MANY OF THEM OUT THERE WHO ARE GREAT
ADVOCATES AND WANT TO TELL THEIR STORY.
THE LATEST PROJECT THAT WE’RE WORKING ON TIES WELL WITH SOME
OF THE CONVERSATIONS THAT WERE HAD AND MANY OF THE THINGS ON
THE AGENDA OVER THE NEXT COUPLE OF DAYS.
THAT IS A PROGRAM WE JUST LAUNCH LAUNCHED CALL BEEF UP SUSTAIN
SUSTAINABILITY. THIS WORKS IN FOUR SPECIFIC
SEGMENTS OF GRAZEING MANAGEMENT, FEED PRODUCTION, INNOVATION AND
ALSO MAKING SURE THAT THE FOOD WITH A PURPOSE, WE WANT TO LOOK
AT HOW WE CONNECT AND HOW WE REDUCE FOOD WASTE.
IT’S END TO END MANAGEMENT. I THINK WHEN YOU START TO LOOK
AT THE GLOBAL CONTEXT OF SUSTAIN SUSTAINABILITY, I WILL TELL YOU
THAT WE FARM GROUND OUTSIDE OF WICHITA, KANSAS ABOUT 2.5 HOURS.
I GREW UP ON A FARM IN NORTHEAST KANSAS.
FROM A PERSONAL STANDPOINT, THESE ARE THE THINGS THAT FARM
FARMERS AND RANCHERS WAKE UP AND THINK ABOUT EVERYDAY.
IT IS GOOD BUSINESS FOR THEM TO TAKE GOOD CARE OF THEIR ANIMALS.
IT’S GOOD BUSINESS FOR THEM TO TAKE GOOD CARE OF THEIR LAND.
AS WE THINK ABOUT THE EFFICIENCY OF THE SYSTEM THAT’S IMPORTANT.
SOME NUMBERS TO THINK ABOUT, 8% OF THE CATTLE IN THE UNITED
STATES. THEY PRODUCE 18% OF THE BEEF.
THAT TELLS YOU THAT’S A 35% MORE EFFICIENCY THAN AVERAGE AND PART
OF THAT IS BY THE WAY THAT PEOPLE ARE FEEDING, USEING
RESOURCES AND OPTIMIZEING THE OUTPUTS.
WE KNOW THAT IF WE ARE 2% OF THE GREENHOUSE GAS WHILE WE WANT TO
MAKE SURE WE MAKE AN IMPROVEMENT IMPROVEMENT, WE WANT TO LOOK AT
THE SUCCESS OF THE FARMERS AND RANCHERS AND WHAT THEY HAVE
EVOLVEED IN TERMS OF POUND FOR POUND BASIS WHAT THEY DO IS
CRITICALLY IMPORTANT. I LIKE THE WAY IT WAS TALKED
ABOUT EARLIER BY DR. DAHL IN THE SENSE THAT WE REALLY NEED TO
MEASURE AT THE MOST EFFICIENT LEVEL.
THAT’S THE WAY WE CHANGE THE GAME AND HELP PEOPLE IN OTHER
COUNTRYIES BECOME MORE EFFICIENT IN WHAT WE DO.
AS WE THINK ABOUT WEALTH INCREASEING FROM A GLOBAL
STANDPOINT, PEOPLE MOVE FROM THEIR CARBOHYDRATEINGS
CARBOHYDRATES AND MOVE TO PRO TEEN.
THE BETTER WE GET, THE BETTER CHANCE WE HAVE OF HAVING A
SUSTAINABLE FOOD SYSTEM AND MEET MEETING THE DEMANDS OF A GROWING
POPULATION. AS A PART OF THAT, I ALSO SAY
THAT WE HAVE A BIG EGG BUSINESS. WE LIKE THE CONVERSATION ABOUT
NUTRIENT DENSE AND EFFICIENT PRODUCT AND CERTAINLY I FIGUREED
OUT HOW WE CAN CONVERT THE EFFICIENCY FROM HOW WE DO IT
HERE IN THE UNITED STATES TO THE WAY FROM A COST STANDPOINT.
AS YOU LOOK AT THESE PRACTICES, WHAT THIS IS REALLY ABOUT IS
PARTNERSHIP. WHAT IT’S ABOUT IS A
CONVERSATION TO TAKE ACTION AND WHILE WE SET GOALS AND SOME GOAL
GOALS, IT’S HARD TO ACHIEVE EVERY ONE OF THEM.
WE ARE CONSTANTLY LOOKING FOR WAYS TO BE BETTER.
THE ONLY WAY TO MAKE THOSE CHOICES AND CHANGES IS BY DOING
IT THROUGH A PARTNERSHIP. WE AT CARGILL CAN’T DO IT ALONE.
ANY OTHER AGENCYIES AND OTHER CONNECTIONS CANNOT DO IT ALONE.
THE LAST EXAMPLE I WANT TO GIVE, I’M PERSONALLY PASSIONATE ABOUT
THIS ORGANIZATION AND GLOBALLY YOU MAY NOT BE FAMILIAR WITH THE
NATIONAL FUTURE FARMERS OF AMERICA.
IT’S A YOUTH LEADERSHIP ORGANIZATION THAT IS IN JUNIOR
HIGHS AND HIGH SCHOOLS. THERE’S ALMOST A MILLION STUDENT
STUDENTS THAT ARE IN AG EDUCATION.
700,000 PARTICIPATE ON THE LEADERSHIP SIDE.
WE ENGAGEED THE CONVERSATION WITH
SOME OF OUR GLOBAL CUSTOMERS ABOUT THIS ORGANIZATION.
THERE’S REALLY IMPORTANT CONVERSATION TO HAVE.
IT’S GREAT TO HAVE NGOs AND ACADEMIA AND INDUSTRY AND
PRODUCERS IN THE ROOM. ONE OF THE ELEMENTS WE THINK IS
IMPORTANT IS THE VOICE OF THE STUDENTS.
WHY? THEY ARE YOUR FUTURE CUSTOMER.
THEY ARE THE FUTURE LEADERS. THEY ARE THE ONES WHO WILL
ULTIMATELY WILL BE MAKING CHOICE CHOICES.
FOR US THAT’S WHO WE’RE HANDING THE PLANET OFF TO.
WE KICKED OFF A CHALLENGE CALLED SUSTAINABILITY CHALLENGE THAT
WE’RE WORKING WITH AFA TO ENGAGE IN A CONVERSATION, STUDENTS,ING
A DEA ACADEMIA TO SAY WHAT IS THIS
ABOUT, WHAT DOES IT MEAN AND HOW DO WE SOLVE.
WHAT I LOVE ABOUT THIS ORGANIZATION IS WHAT IT DOES FOR
YOUNG PEOPLE AND I KNOW PERSONALLY, BECAUSE IF IT WASN’T
FOR AFAI I WOULDN’T BE STANDING HERE TODAY.
IT GAVE ME CHANCE TO LOOK IN THE EYES OF OPPORTUNITYIES OF
AGRICULTURE. OUR PARTNERSHIP WITH THEM IS
REALLY ABOUT THAT. WHAT I HOPE HAPPENS, I KNOW WE
HAVE LOT OF KANSAS STATE STUDENT
STUDENTS. WE SEE THEIR IDEAS AS PART OF
THE EMPOWERMENT TO THE ANSWERS. LOOKING FORWARD TO THE REST OF
THE CONVERSATION. THANK YOU. // THANK YOU FOR THAT
PRESENTATION. FOR THOSE WHO AREN’T TAPPING
AWAY ON YOUR CELL PHONES AND YOU’RE WRITING YOUR QUESTIONS,
IF YOU JUST HOLD THEM UP, THERE ARE RUNNERS IN THE ROOM WHO WILL
COME AND COLLECT THEM FROM YOU. IF THEY HAVEN’T DONE THAT, JUST
WAVE THEM AROUND LITTLE BIT WE’LL MAKE SURE THEY GET PICKED
UP AND CIRCULATEED. OUR FINAL PRESENTER FOR THIS
SESSION IS SIMPLICE NOUALA. DR. NOUALA IS HEAD OF THE
AFRICAN UNION. HE’S RESPONSIBLE FOR THE
FORMULATION OF AFRICAN UNION POLICY STRATEGYIES AND PROGRAMS
TO PROMOTE SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURAL GROWTH AND
TRANSFORMATION ON THE AFRICAN CONTINENT.
HE OVERSEES AND COORDINATES THE IMPLEMENTATION OF CONTINENTAL
PROGRAMS ON SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE SYSTEMS, FOOD
SECURITY AND FOOD SAFETY. PRIOR TO THAT HE WAS THE CHIEF
ANIMAL PRODUCTION OFFICER WHERE HE PLAYED A KEY ROLE IN
FORMULATEING VARIOUS CONTINENT AND REGIONAL POLICYIES AND
PRODUCEING STRATEGIC DOCUMENTS ON
ONEN LIVESTOCK AND FISHERYIES IN AFRICA .
DR. NOUALA, LET ME WELCOME YOU TO THE STAGE. // GOOD MORNING.
THANK YOU VERY MUCH FOR THE INTRODUCTION.
I LIKE TO THANK THE ORGANIZER .
I’M HAPPY TO BE BACK. IT’S IMPORTANT TO HAVE THE
AFRICAN UNION AT THIS STATION. WHEN WE SPEAK ABOUT SECURITY, —
I WILL SHARE WITH YOU IMPORTANCE
FOOD SECURITY IN AFRICA AND — I
WILL SAY IN ORDER TO HAVE THE AFRICAN UNION, WE LOOK AT THE
LATEST STATISTICS. OVER 257 MILLION PEOPLE ARE
SUFFERING FOOD INSECURITY ON THE CONTINENT. WE EXPORT JOBS, WE STILL HAVE
250 MILLION TO FEED. WHY IS IT THAT THE CONTINENT IS
SUFFERING ? WE HAVE VERY LOW PRODUCTIVEITY.
LACK TRANSFORMATION AND WE DEPEND MOSTLY ON AGRICULTURE.
WE HAVE ISSUES RELATEED TO TRADE .
IF WE WERE TO ADDRESS ISSUES OF SECURITY, — MORE IMPORTANTLY,
OUR POLICY AND INSTITUTIONAL ENVIRONMENT IS NOT ADEQUATE TO
DEVELOP THE SECTOR. BLUEPRINT OF THE AFRICA — I
THINK HERE TWO INSPIRATIONS THAT SPEAK TO FOOD SECURITY. FOR THE LAST 50 YEARS OF
INDEPENDENCE, WE BASICALLY LOOKED LOOKED TO SECURITY . BECAUSE WE FAIL TO LOOK AT FOOD
SECURITY IN THIS MANNER. THE WAY WE ARE THINKING NOW, IS
WE LOOK AT ALL THE ISSUE ISSUES THAT
SURROUND FOOD SECURITY. WE ARE LOOKING AT ISSUES RELATE
ED TO POLICY. IT’S ALSO ABOUT — HOW DO WE
HAVE POLICYIES ENOUGH AROUND THE COUNTRY TO ADDRESS ISSUES RELATE
RELATED TO FOOD SECURITY. WE NEED TO LOOK AT ISSUES RELATE
RELATED TO MARKET, TO GENDER, TO FOOD SAFETY AND HERE ISSUES
RELATEED TO MICROBIAL RESISTANCE.
ALL THESE ISSUES ARE ISSUES WE TRYIED TO TACKLE TO ADDRESS FOOD
ISSUES OF FOOD SECURITY. WE DEVELOPED INSTEAD OF FRAME
FRAMEWORKS TO TACKLE ISSUE ISSUES .
THEM GIVE US HOPE THAT WITH THE OPENINGS OF THE MARKET, COUNTRY
COUNTRIES WILL NOW — THERE’S NO NEED FOR ALL COUNTRYIES TO
PRODUCE THE SAME THING. WE THINK THIS WILL DRIVE MISSION
AROUND THE CONTINENT. OTHER LEADERS THAT WE NEED TO
TRANSFORM AGRICULTURE THROUGH SOME COMMITMENT.
THIS COMMITMENT FROM THE POLICY POLICIES. THIS IS ONE OF OUR MAIN GOALS.
HOW DOES THIS WITH LIVESTOCK. IN TERMS OF PRODUCTIVEITY, TAKE
ADVANTAGE OF TRADE, ISSUES OF HUNGER HERE.
ISSUES OF ENVIRONMENT WITH
ABILITY AND RULES AND THE DIVERSITY LOSS.
THESE ARE ISSUES — WHAT DO WE
TAKE? I WANT TO TAKE SOME TIME. IT HAS BEEN ADDRESSED IN A MORE
PRAGMATIC MANNER. MORE IMPORTANTLY, WE NEED A
COUNTRY LEVEL TO HAVE BACKBONE SUCH AS THIS ONE. YOU CAN ACHIEVE ECONOMIC
SECURITY IN AFRICA. // THANK YOU TO ALL OUR PRESENT
PRESENTERS. WE THANK OUR PRESENTERS FOR
THEIR TALKS THIS MORNING. I DO HAVE A NUMBER OF QUESTIONS
THAT HAVE BEEN ASKED FROM THE AUDIENCE THERE’S STILL TIME IF
YOU WANT TO SPLIT ADDITIONAL — SUBMIT
ADDITIONAL QUESTIONS. FIRST ONE PROBABLY DIRECTED TO
TIM. IT HAS TO DO WITH THE DISEASE
IMPACT ON ANIMAL PRODUCTION IN DIFFERENT PARTS OF THE WORLD.
THERE’S BEEN MENTIONED BY NUMBER OF PRESENTERS THERE WAS A
QUESTION RAISEED FROM THE AUDIENCE ABOUT HOW DO WE BEST
RESPOND TO THESE ISSUES FROM DISEASE IN CRITICAL PARTS OF THE
WORLD? SHOULD WE CONSIDER MOVEING FOOD
PRODUCTION AROUND SO THAT LOT ALLOWS US TO ELIMINATE DISEASE
IN CERTAIN AREAS? I’LL LEAVE THAT TO YOU.
>>CAN YOU HEAR ME OKAY? IF I UNDERSTAND THE QUESTION, IT
RELATES TO WHETHER WE SHOULD FOCUS ANIMAL PRODUCTION CERTAIN
REGIONS TO MITIGATE DISEASE. I THINK THAT’S AN INTERESTING
CONCEPT. I’M NOT SURE I’M THE RIGHT
PERSON TO COMMENT ON THAT. SOUND LIKE IT WILL HAVE A LOT TO
DO TRADE AND POLICYIES RELATEED TO
PRODUCTION VARIOUS COMMODITYIES AND FEED AND WHERE THOSE ANIMALS
CAN BEST BE PRODUCEED. THAT’S THE WAY I LOOK AT IT.
CERTAIN BREEDS EVOLVEED IN CERTAIN REGIONS AND ARE ADAPTED
TO THOSE REGIONS. THAT’S CERTAINLY HAS IMPLICATION
IMPLICATIONS AS TO THEIR EFFICIENCY AND THEIR RESILIENCE
WITH THE DISEASE. I THINK LOT OF THAT HAPPENS
NATURALLY AND IT’S SHAPEED BY THE
ECONOMIC VIABILITY OF BEING ABLE
TO PRODUCE ANIMALS IN THAT REGION.
IF I DIDN’T ANSWER THAT QUESTION QUESTION, I’M HAPPY TO ALLOW ANY
OF THE OTHER PANELIST HERE TO TAKE A STAB AT IT.
// THANK YOU FOR THAT STAB. TIM.
REMEMBERING THERE ARE FOUR PLENARY SESSIONS TODAY.
FOR EACH PLENARY, THERE WASSAL WHITE PAPER PRODUCEED.
YOU PROBABLY HAD THE OPPORTUNITY TO REVIEW IT ON THE WEBSITE.
WE’LL BE COLLECTING ALL THE FEED FEEDBACK ON THOSE DIFFERENT
PAPERS TO PRODUCE THEM AND PUBLISH THEM AS OUTCOMES AND
PROCEEDINGS FROM THIS MEETING. DO TAKE THE TIME TO PROVIDE FEED
FEEDBACK EITHER THROUGH THE WEBSITE OR DIRECTLY TO THE
AUTHORS OF THOSE PAPERS. THE QUESTION I WOULD DIRECT TO
ALL OF THE MEMBERS OF OUR PANEL TODAY IS THAT WE HEAR A LOT
ABOUT DEBATEING ABOUT ROLE OF ANIMAL LIVESTOCK VERSUS PLANT-
PLANT-BASEED FOODS. HOW DO YOU CONSIDER WE BRING
BALANCE THIS THAT DEBATE? I WILL START GEOFFREY WITH YOU.
HOW DO WE BRING BALANCE WITH THE ROLE OF ANIMAL-SOURCEED FOOD
VERSUS PLANT-BASEED?>>YOU START WITH AN ANIMAL
SCIENTIST WITH A QUESTION ABOUT BALANCE OF ANIMAL SOURCEED FOOD
VERSUS PLANT-BASED, I’M NOT SURE SURE.
I THINK BRINGING UP SOME OF THE SORT OF FOR BETTER TERM HEADLINE
POINTS THAT WE NEED TO MAKE IN TERMS OF THE ABILITY ANIMAL-
ANIMAL- ANIMAL-SOURCEED FOODS TO IMPROVE
PHYSICALLY AND COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT WHERE THERE’S
LIMITATION ON ACCESS TO THOSE FOODS.
IT’S IMPORTANT. I THINK EVEN HERE IN THE U.S.,
WE’RE SEEING ISSUES RELATEED TO A
LACK OF NUTRIENTS FROM ANIMAL- ANIMAL-SOURCEED FOODS AFFECTING
DEVELOPMENT IN CHILDREN. ONE OF THE ONES THAT FROM A
PERSONAL STANDPOINT, JUST BECAUSE I TEND TO TRACK THE
DAIRY RELATEED INFORMATION, PEDIATRICIANS REPORTING AN
INCREASE IN RICKETS. THAT’S RELATEED TO DIETARY
CHOICE CHOICES PARENTS ARE MAKING
WITHOUT FULL UNDERSTANDING OF NUTRITIONAL COMPONENTS WHAT THEY
ARE FEEDING THEIR CHILDREN. I THINK IT’S A BIGGER SOURCE OF
PROBLEM THAT AWAY NEED TO DO FROM EDUCATIONAL ATTEND POINT.
— STANDPOINT.
SOME OF THE HEADLINES THAT WE CAN USE TO DRIVE OUR POINTS HOME
ARE IMPORTANT. // THANK YOU, CHESSEN?
>> — CHESSA.>>I WOULD ARGUE STRONGLY,
CERTAINLY THE IMPORTANCE — THIS IS BROUGHT UP, THE IMPORTANCE OF
ANIMAL-SOURCED FOOD. THERE’S NO DOUBT, MY
PRESENTATION SHOWED, NEED WERE EVIDENCE.
NO QUESTION FOR THE EFFECT ON BIRTH OUTCOMES BOTH IN
DEVELOPMENT, COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT.
IF YOU LOOK AT THE NUTRIENT GAP, DURING CRITICAL POINTS OF TIME
THAT THESE FOODS ARE ESSENTIAL. I THINK IF WE LOOK BEYOND FIVE
YEARS OF AGE, I THINK IT BECOMES A LOT MORE NUANCE.
I WOULD SAY, NUTRITIONIST I HATE THE WORD BALANCEED.
WHAT DOES THAT MEAN. IT MEANS SOMETHING DIFFERENT TO
EVERYBODY ELSE. WHAT IS A BALANCE.
THAT WORD JUST BOGGLES MY MIND .
I THINK THERE NEEDS TO BE MORE — IT’S JUST MORE NUANCE ABOUT
THE IMPORTANCE WITH THAT ROLE BUT RECOGNIZESING, REALLY FROM
NUTRITIONAL PERSPECTIVE, ALL THE OTHER TIES FOODS THAT HAVE PART
OF A COMPLETE DIET. WE TALK NOW MORE AND MORE
NUTRITION COMMUNITY ABOUT UN UNPROCESSED AND MINIMALLY
PROCESSED FOODS IS BASIC TO THE DIET AND GO LIGHTER ON THE
PROCESS AND GO ULTRA PROCESSED FOODS NOW . ANIMAL-SOURCED FOOD, THINGS LIKE
THAT. I WOULD FRAME IT IN THOSE
PERSPECTIVES. AS A NUTRITION, YOU HAVE TO
FOCUS ON CHILD NUTRITION. I WILL DEFEND TO MY DYING BREATH
THE IMPORTANCE OF THESE FOODS DURING THIS CRITICAL PERIOD.
>>THANK YOU. TIM.
I THINK THAT WAS ALL. I DON’T HAVE ANYTHING TO ADD.
// I THINK THE QUESTION WE ALWAYS GET, BECAUSE OF LARGE
FOOD COMPANY. WE’RE ALL IN OF IT.
WE DON’T SEE IT AS EITHER OR CONVERSATION ON PLANT-BASED
VERSUS ANIMAL-SOURCED. WE BELIEVE FROM A GLOBAL
STANDPOINT IT ALL MATTER. YOU TRAVEL THE WORLD AND YOU SEE
BASIC OF SUPPLY CHAIN DOESN’T MAKE SENSE.
WE HAVE TO FIGURE OUT THE MOST EFFICIENT WAY TO ELIMINATE
SCARCITY AND SOME CASES WE CAN DO THAT WITH PLANT-BASED MORE
EFFICIENT THAN ANIMAL-SOURCED AND OTHER COUNTRYIES IT’S TOTAL
OPPOSITE. YOU HAVE TO HAVE EGGS AS PRIMARY
PROTEIN AND IT’S NOT AFFORDABLE, YOU CREATE A FINANCIAL ISSUE.
IT COULD BE THE OTHER WAY AROUND IN MEXICO WHERE THEY ARE PER
CAPITA CONSUMPTION OF EGGS IS HIGHEST IN THE WORLD.
MOST OF THOSE ARE BROKEN IN THE BACKYARD TODAY.
WHEN YOU TAKE THAT AND YOU TAKE THE PLANT-BASED, WHICH WE’RE
INVESTED IN AND WE’RE INVESTED IN OTHER ALTERNATIVES, WE GET
CRITICIZEED A BIT FOR BEING INVESTED IN THOSE BECAUSE KNOWN
AS ANIMAL-SOURCED COMPANY. WE THINK IT’S IMPORTANT TO BE AT
THE TABLE. WE THINK IT’S IMPORTANT TO LEARN
AND UNDERSTAND WHERE CONSUMERS ARE GOING.
WE DO BELIEVE IT’S NOT AN EITHER EITHER- EITHER
EITHER-OR CONVERSATION. THE BALANCE IN A DIET IS SUPER
IMPORTANT AND HAVING A CLEAN LABEL FOOD.
ONE OF THE CHALLENGES LOT OF THE A. FOODS OUT THERE NOW IS
COMPLEX LABEL. THERE’S A LOT OF INGREDIENTS AND
MY WIFE IS A PERSONAL TRAINER AND NUTRITIONALLIST.
IF YOU CAN’T PRONOUNCE WHAT’S IN IT, YOU MIGHT WANT TO SHY AWAY
OR MINIMIZE THE CONSUMPTION. THE IMPORTANCE IS THAT WE
UNDERSTAND HOW TO FIND THE SWEET SPOT IN ALL THE ALTERNATIVES AND
FIGURE OUT THE ANSWERS. WE HAVE LOT OF PEOPLE TO FEED.
WE’VE GOT TO DO IT IN DIFFERENT WAYS TO BE RESPONSIBLE FROM
GLOBAL STANDPOINT. // THANK YOU.
>>THE DEBATE HERE IS IMBALANCE. IN AFRICA, WE TAKE THE DEBATE.
IT’S NOT BEEN AN ISSUE. WE ARE IN A CONTINENT WHERE THE
AVERAGE CONSUMPTION OF MEAT IS ABOUT 15 TO 20 A YEAR. FIRST, I THINK THE DEBATE IS IM
IMBALANCE HERE. IF YOU LOOK AT THE FIRST 1000
THINGS, YOU USE AT LEAST MILK.
I THINK THE DEBATE TODAY IN AFRICA IS HOW DO WE AT LEAST
REACH IT ON AVERAGE. // THANK YOU.
CHANGEING GEARS SLIGHTLY. THERE WAS COUPLE OF QUESTIONS
AROUND TRANSPARENCY IN THE SUPPLY CHAIN.
I THINK THERE’S SOME INTEREST
ABOUT THE TURKEYS, HONKEY SUCKLE WHITE TURKEY.
THE WAY YOU HAD CREATEED THIS LINKAGE BACK TO FARMERS WHERE
PEOPLE CAN SCAN THE QR CODE AND MEET THE FARMER.
IT’S A VERY OBVIOUS EXAMPLE OF THIS TRANSPARENCY THROUGH OUR
SUPPLY CHAIN. THERE’S SOME QUESTIONS AROUND
WANTING TO KNOW HOW MANY PEOPLE WHO BOUGHT THE TURKEY ACTUALLY
FOLLOWED THAT LINKAGE? IS IT SOMETHING IN HIGH DEMAND
OR IS THIS SOMETHING THAT IS MORE QUIRKY BUT DOESN’T REALLY
— // I THINK CONSUMERS ASK FOR LOT
OF THINGS THAT AREN’T NECESSARILY PASSIONATE FOLLOWING
THROUGH ON WHAT THEY ASK FOR OR PAYING FOR.
IT’S NOT FREE TO TRACE AN ANIMAL BACK TO THE FARM.
THE IMPORTANCE IS THAT WE’RE STILL LEARNING FROM A CONSUMER
STANDPOINT. I DON’T KNOW THE EXACT NUMBERS.
ABOUT 20% TO 30% OF THEM IN CERTAIN MARKETS HAVE PAID
ATTENTION. IN OTHER MARKETS IT WAS MUCH
LOWER. PART OF THIS IS HAVING TRACEABLE
TURKEY MAY NOT MAKE SENSE FOR EVERY MARK.
I KNOW WHERE MY FOOD CAME FROM. THERE ARE LOT OF PEOPLE MAY NOT
KNOW AS PEOPLE GET FURTHER AWAY FROM AGRICULTURE LESS THAN 2%
ALMOST 1% IN THE U.S. IS INVOLVE INVOLVED IN AG PRODUCTION.
PEOPLE HAVE A CURIOSITY BUT I THINK THE CHALLENGE IS AND
THERE’S A PROGRAM LAUNCHED HERE IN KANSAS CALLED CATTLE TRACE.
IT’SWE HAVE TO FIGURE OUT IF IT’S
SOMETHING PEOPLE WILLING TO PAY FOR.
AT THE END OF THE DAY, IT’S NOT EASY AND IT’S NOT FREE AND IF
PEOPLE WANT THAT INFORMATION, WE’RE WILLING TO PROVIDE IT.
IT HAS TO — IT’S GOING TO MAKE THE FOOD COST MORE.
I THINK THAT SOMETIMES IN THE U.S. WHERE WE HAVE PLENTY OF
FOOD AND SELDOM GO TO BED HUNGRY HUNGRY, WE ASK FOR A LOT.
IN OTHER PLACES WE’RE JUST HAVING THAT NUTRIENT.
// THANK YOU. WHILE OUR SESSION WAS ON
NUTRITIONAL SECURITY, THERE WERE NUMBER OF QUESTIONS RELATEED TO
A NUMBER OF THE PRESENTATIONS TALK
TALKED ABOUT GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS.
THE QUESTION MAYBE GEOFFREY ASK YOU, IT WAS REALLY QUESTION
AROUND WHY WE FOCUSED ON METHANE AND HAVE IGNOREED OTHER
GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS SUCH AS CO2 AND USE OF FOSSIL FUELS // I’M NOT SURE ON THAT ONE.
I’M NOT SURE — WE GOT THE EXPERT YOU WANT ON THIS ONE.
PARTICULARLY. I THINK THAT MOST OF THE EMPHASIS ON METHANE IT’S BEEN
POTENT GREENHOUSE GAS GAS THAN C CO2.
IT’S NOT EMPHASIS ENOUGH IT TURN TURNS OVER MUCH MORE RAPIDLY
THAN CO2. CONTRIBUTION MAY NOT BE AS
SEVERE AS PEOPLE THINK. IN TERMS OF LIMITING METHANE
OUTPUT, THAT’S JUST ONE OF THE MANY THINGS THAT COME ALONG WITH
IMPROVEED EFFICIENCY OF ANIMAL PRODUCTION.
WHEN WE THINK ABOUT THE OVERALL EFFICIENCY IMPROVEMENTS THAT WE
SEE IN WATER UTILIZATION. THEY ALL GOING TO FOLLOW THE
SAME PATH. IT’S A GOOD MARKER.
LOT OF THE OTHER ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS, THEY’RE GOING TO FOLLOW
ALONG THE SAME LINE. WE IMPROVE OUR EFFICIENCY RELATE
RELATED TO GREENHOUSE GAS OUTPUT OUTPUT.
PROBABLY IMPROVEING OUR EFFICIENCY IN UTILIZATION OF ALL
ASPECTS OF THAT ANIMAL PRODUCTION.
// THANK YOU. LAST QUESTION I HAVE BEFORE I
INVITE THE PANELISTS TO GIVE SOME CLOSEING REMARKS, CHESSA,
TO DO WITH THE EFFORTS TO IMPROVE
CHICKEN-MADE PRODUCTION AND THERE WAS A QUESTION ABOUT
WHETHER THERE WAS ANY WORK GOING ON WITH THE PRODUCTION SELECTION
TECHNIQUES FOR BREEDING CHICKENS AND DEVELOPING REGIONS.
// THERE’S A TREMENDOUS AMOUNT
OF WORK GOING ON. I’M NOT THE RIGHT PERSON TO
ANSWER THAT QUESTION. WE DID A SUPPLEMENT IN CHILD
NUTRITION OPEN STORES 2018. WE HAVE ARTICLES SPECIFICALLY
ADDRESSING SOME OF THE VETERINARY ASPECTS OF CHICKEN
BREEDS AS WELL AS KIND OF ONE’S HEALTH, HOW WE’RE ADDRESSING THE
ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERNS ASSOCIATE ASSOCIATED WITH CHICKEN
PRODUCTION. ALL I CAN SAY WITHOUT GOING INTO
LOT OF SPECIFIC SCALES, DETAILS, WHICH I
DON’T KNOW BECAUSE I’M AN NUTRITIONIST BECAUSE OF MY
RECENT WORK ON EGG NUTRITION AND CHILD NUTRITION, THERE’S A LOT
OF WORK GOING ON. WHEN YOU GET MY UNDERSTANDING —
WHEN YOU GET THESE IMPROVEED BREED, YOU CAN INCREASE EGG
PRODUCTION. I THINK I READ SOMEWHERE, 300 A
YEAR. PHENOMENAL IMPROVEMENT.
NOT QUITE SURE THE NUMBER. HUGE IMPROVEMENT BUT AT THE SAME
TIME, YOU HAVE TO — YOU NEED THE CHICKEN COOP AND THE FEED
AND, THERE’S INPUTS INVOLVEED. YOU HAVE TO BE SURE THEN FARMERS
HAVE ACCESS FOR, HOUSEHOLDS HAVE ACCESS TO THOSE INPUTS.
THERE’S OTHER ARTICLES. LOT REFERENCEED IN THE
SUPPLEMENT ABOUT DIFFERENT — OTHER WORK
GOING ON. PARTICULARLY IN AFRICA, VERY DRY
CLIMATE BUT OTHER PARTS OF THE WORLD AS WELL.
// THANK YOU. I’M GOING INVITE EACH OF OUR
PANELISTS TO SHARE SOME CLOSEING REMARKS IF YOU DON’T MIND, I’LL
START WITH YOU AND WORK MY WAY BACK TO GEOFFREY.
>>THANK YOU VERY MUCH. IN CLOSEING, SECURITY, MANY ARE
RELATEED TO LIVESTOCK. REQUIRE THAT WE THINK
DIFFERENTLY. IT’S TIME — YOU CAN’T PLAN TO
INCREASE PROTEIN PRODUCTION IF YOU DON’T PLAN TO INCREASE
PRODUCTION. WE NEED TO BRING PEOPLE AROUND
THE TABLE WHERE WE ARE DISCUSS DISCUSSING THE CONTRIBUTION OF
LIVESTOCK IN PARTICULAR. // JOHN?
// WHAT’S GREAT ABOUT THIS CONVERSATION, WE EACH COME WITH
A DIFFERENT PERSPECTIVE AND DIFFERENT EXPERIENCE AND
DIFFERENT NEEDS IN THE VALUE CHAIN.
IT WAS TALKED ABOUT AS A SCARCITY VALUE CHAIN.
THERE ARE PLACES OF PLENTY AND THERE’S PLACES OF SCARCITY.
THAT’S PLACES OF EFFICIENCY AND INEFFICIENCY.
THERE’S PLACES WITH GREAT SUPPLY CHAINS AND ONES THAT CREATE LOT
OF WASTE. THE IDEA IS THAT WE SHARE AND
COLLABORATE AND CHALLENGE EACH OTHER TO GET BETTER.
EVEN IF WE’RE PRODUCEING THE WORLD’S MOST EFFICIENT PROTEIN
BECAUSE OF OUR CROP PRODUCTION AND WATER RESOURCES, WE NEED TO
SHARE THOSE PRACTICES BECAUSE EXPORTING GRAIN INTO A COUNTRY
SO THEY CAN PRODUCE LIVESTOCK AND IT’S NOT AS EFFICIENT AS A
CHALLENGE. WE HAVE TOP FIND WAYS TO CREATE
A GLOBAL SYSTEM THAT’S EFFICIENT AND YET AT THE SAME TIME, WE
TAKE CARE OF PRODUCEING A SAFER AND AFFORDABLE PRODUCT AS WELL.
THAT’S OUR GRAND CHALLENGE. I THINK THAT’S OUR
RESPONSIBILITY ACROSS THIS TABLE AND THE PEOPLE IN THE ROOM.
LOOK FORWARD TO THE DIALOGUE AROUND IT.
// I WOULD JUST AGREE. SEVERAL OF THE PANELISTS HAVE
TALKED ABOUT THE INTERRELATEED OF
THE SUPPLY CHAIN, THE FOOD SOURCES, THE ANIMAL BREEDS.
THE GEOGRAPHIC LOCATIONS IN WHICH THEY ARE RAISEED WITH THE
DISEASES AND THE BIOSECURITY AND PRACTICES NEEDED.
I THINK LOOKING AT IT FROM A VERY WHOLEISTIC AND CROSS-
CROSS-DISCIPLINARY MAN AER, IT’S NECESSARY, BUT WE’RE COMPLETELY
INTO THE IDEA OF COLLABORATION BEING ABSOLUTELY NECESSARY TO
ADDRESS CONDITIONS. IT’S NOT TO SAY THERE CAN’T BE
COMPETITION. THERE WILL ALWAYS BE COMPETITION
COMPETITION. SOME OF THE ISSUES ARE BIGGER
THAN ANY ONE PERSON OR ANY ONE ORGANIZATION.
THAT’S WHERE I THINK THERE’S REALLY HUGE OPPORTUNITY.
// THANK YOU VERY MUCH. I LIKE TO EMPHASIS WHAT I WHAT I
— EMPHASIZE THE VERY IMPORTANT ROLE OF
BREAST-FEEDING. LET’S NOT FORGET IN LOW MIDDLE
AND HIGH INCOME COUNTRYIES, THE IMPORTANT ROLE OF INFANT FOOD IN
TERMS HOW IT PROVIDES, ALSO IMMUNE DEFENSE THAT IS SO
CRITICAL TO CERTAINLY MORALITY
IN LOW INCOME COUNTRYIES. AS WE’RE THINKING ABOUT HOW TO
IMPROVE EFFICIENCY SO WE CAN BRING DOWN COSTS AND REDUCE
ENVIRONMENTAL BURDEN WITH RESPECT TO ANIMAL-SOURCED FOOD,
PAY ATTENTION TO THE INCREDIBLE LY
IMPORTANT ROLE OF BEING SURE WE’RE DOING THIS IN A WAY THAT
ALSO BRINGS DEVELOPMENT. WE’RE NOT GOING SO MACRO AND
COMMERCIAL AND THAT WE FORGET THE IMPORTANT ROLE OF INCREASE
ING INCOME.
BRING DOWN COSTS. WE GOT TO INCREASE INCOME AS
WELL. NOT ENOUGH TO MAKE THEM
AVAILABLE. WE GOT TO MAKE THEM ACCESSIBLE.
THAT HAS TO COME TO IN CON GENERATION.
THE WORLD IS BECOMEING MORE AND MORE URBAN INCLUDEING AFRICA,
LATIN AMERICA CERTAINLY WELLS ASIA. I WOULD EMPHASIS IMPORTANT —
EMPHASIZE IMPORTANT ROLE OF GENDER.
WOMEN TEND TO REALLY BE INVOLVE ED
IT THAT MUCH MORE THAN MEN. THE MORE ACCESS TO RESOURCES
WOMEN HAVE THE BETTER NOURISHED THEIR CHILDREN ARE.>>I DON’T HAVE A LOT TO ADD.
I WOULD SAY THAT, WE CAN’T BE HESITANT.
WE CAN’T BE BACKSEATERS IN TERMS
OF OUR COMMUNICATION ABOUT THE IMPORTANCE OF ANIMAL-SOURCED
FOODS BEYOND DIETARY REQUIREMENT REQUIREMENTS I WOULD ENCOURAGE
EVERYONE TO THINK ABOUT THAT AND THINK ABOUT THAT IN THE CONTEXT
OF CONVERSATION WITH THE PERSON NEXT TO ETHEM ON THE AIRPLANE. // IN CLOSEING REMARK FOR ME,
THIS MORNING, SHAREED WITH US THE
U.N. SUSTAINABILITY SUSTAIN ABILITY GOAL TO END
POVERTY AND HUNGER. IT’S FAIR TO SAY, CLOSE SAW YOU
— CHESSA YOU MENTIONED, IF WE
DON’T ADDRESS THESE ISSUES WE AREN’T GOING TO FIND SOLUTIONS.
I’M GOING TO GO TO A BREAK NOW. BEFORE WE DO, JOIN ME IN THANK
THANKING OUR PANELISTS FOR THEIR TIME THIS MORNING.
[APPLAUSE] // WE ARE NOW READY FOR A BREAK.
DURING THE BREAK, I HOPE YOU ENJOY THE OPPORTUNITY TO VISIT
SOME POSTER PRESENTATIONS THAT ARE LOCATEED ON THE SECOND FLOOR
IN ROOM 227.
THERE ARE MAPS IN THE PACKET THAT YOU RECEIVEED AT
REGISTRATION. THERE’S VOLUNTEERS THAT WILL
HELP YOU FIND YOUR WAY. IN ADDITION TO THE POSTER
PRESENTATIONS, THERE’S A PRESENTATION LOCATEED IN THE
COURTYARD OUTSIDE OF THIS ROOM. WE APPRECIATE THE SPONSORSHIP OF
ALANA ALAINCO WHO PROVIDEED REFRESH
MENT AND COFFEE.
BATHROOMS ARE LOCATEED HERE IN THE FOYER AND ALSO ACROSS THE
HALLWAY NEAR THE STAIRWELL. IF YOU MAY HAVE NOTICEED WHEN
YOU ARRIVE TODAY, THERE’S TWO POST
POSTERS LOCATEED IN THE LOBBY CALLED OPEN SPACE MEETING.
ON PAGE 13 OF YOUR PROGRAM, THERE’S A DESCRIPTION OF WHAT
THOSE OPEN SPACES ARE INTENDED FOR AND REALLY IT’S A PLACE FOR
YOU TO HAVE SMALL CONVERSATIONS ABOUT SOMETHING THAT MAY HAVE
INTRIGUEED YOU DURING A PREVIOUS PLENARY SESSION OR JUST A
SPECIAL TOPIC THAT YOU WOULD LIKE TO HAVE.
FEEL FREE TO CLAIM A ROOM AND A SPACE JUST BY WRITING THE TOP
AND HOST NAME AND SHOWING UP IN THAT ROOM AT THAT TIME.
WE HAVE SOMEBODY IN ROOM 202 THAT WOULD LIKE TO HAVE A
DISCUSSION ON FOOD SECURITY. YOU’RE WELCOME TO JOIN THEM FOR
THAT. WE WILL BEGIN THE NEXT SESSION
LIVELIHOOD ECONOMIC GROWTH PROMPTING
PROMPT PROMPTLY AT 10:30.
ENJOY YOUR BREAK. [BREAK]

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